The fight for congressional funding for fiscal 2022 begins this month
On June 15, the House Appropriations Committee announced its mark-up schedule for Fiscal Year (FY) 2022 funding bills, setting up new struggles for federal spending for the coming year. Read on for dates and how to read the actions of the Michael Best Strategies Credit Experts Committee:
How to read these dates: Each of the 12 annual fundraising bills is first drafted by a dedicated subcommittee within the House appropriations. On “subcommittee markup” dates, the relevant subcommittee will release its fundraising bill during a short meeting of the subcommittee (often 5-10 minutes). About a week later, the House appropriations committee will hold another markup for each bill to allow members to propose and vote on the amendments as well as the approval of each of the 12 bills. In addition to the amendments, the committee’s full markup will produce critical accompanying reports for each of the 12 fundraising bills. These reports are often more important than the bills themselves because they contain more detail and binding instructions from Congress to federal agencies. Here is the new House committee schedule:
Thursday June 24:
Marking of sub-committees: Financial services and public administration, Legislative branch
Friday June 25:
Sub-committee markup: Agriculture / Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Military Construction and Veterans Affairs (MilCon-VA)
Monday June 28:
Marking of sub-committees: Interior-Environment, State and foreign operations
Tuesday June 29:
Supplements of full committees: Allocation of sub-committees (302 (b) s), Financial services and general government, Legislative branch
Wednesday June 30:
Full committee supplements: Ag / FDA, MilCon-VA
Marking of sub-committees: defense, internal security
Thursday July 1:
Markings of the complete committee: Interior-Environment, State-Foreign operations
Monday July 12:
Markup of the sub-committees: Commerce-Justice-Science, Energy and water, Work-HHS-Ed, Transport and HUD
Tuesday July 13:
Markings of the entire committee: defense, internal security
Thursday July 15:
Full committee tags: Commerce-Justice-Science, Travail-HHS-Ed
Friday July 16:
Full committee tags: energy and water development, transportation and HUD
Background: House and Senate officials must pass 12 annual fundraising bills each year to keep the federal government functioning. Congressional officials are gearing up for fiscal 2022, which begins October 1, 2021. When designing these fundraising bills, officials take the White House into account (the Biden administration released its funding request full for fiscal year 2022 on May 28) as well as the leadership of Congress, individual members of Congress and their constituents.
As the ownership process continues at a reliable pace, several new developments add excitement to the fiscal year 2022 cycle:
- For the first time since 2011, the House and Senate Appropriations Committees allow individual members of Congress to apply for funding for specific projects (also known as “allotments”, “congressional-led spending” or “project funds”. communities ”) as part of the financing bills for the 2022 fiscal year. Congress is re-launching those demands after a nearly ten-year ban, with significant reforms to avert public concerns about waste or abuse. The House Appropriations Committee collected allotment requests from February to April 2021, while the Senate Appropriations Committee will collect them until mid-July. Those responsible for ownership are then faced with the onerous task of establishing priorities and agreeing on which projects to finance.
- A fully Democratic Washington, along with the end of the ten-year budget caps (remember “sequestration?”) Implemented under the 2011 Budget Control Act, offers homeowners a rare chance to pass dramatic increases national funding. The Biden administration has proposed a huge 16.5% increase in domestic spending for fiscal year 2022. House Appropriations Speaker Rosa DeLauro (D-CT), a close ally of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA), will apply this recommendation to push for new investments in child care, public health, pandemic recovery, climate and education.
- However, Democrats are not assured of spending the big spending hikes they want, due to the balance of power in Washington. Republicans in Congress, although they have backed significant government spending on tax cuts under President Trump, have already signaled they will oppose fundraising bills they feel are too big. In the House, Democrats control the chamber by just four votes and must battle the two big-spending progressives with moderates worried about losing their seats to Republicans in next year’s midterm election. An even bigger problem in the Senate: Appropriations bills need 60 votes to overcome the obstruction of the chamber rule, but Democrats only control 50 Senate seats with Vice President Kamala Harris as the breaker. ‘equality. Therefore, in order for any funding bill for fiscal year 2022 to pass the Senate, officials must design bills that can attract at least ten votes from Republican senators.
How will Democrats balance their own promises of economic recovery and new domestic investment with the tax concerns of the GOP and moderate members of their own party? Can Democratic leaders revive the credits to get more support for their fundraising bills? We’ll start seeing the answers to these questions later this month.
What happens after?
Homeowners hope to complete work on each of their 12 fiscal 2022 fundraising bills by mid-July. Then they’ll send those bills out for another round of amendments and final plenary approval. The House wants to pass the 12 bills in the Senate by the end of July.
The Senate Appropriations Committee, although several weeks behind the schedule of its House counterparts, may also soon announce its own parallel process of presenting and marking up the bill, following a process similar to that of the House. . However, the Senate is unlikely to complete this work before a break of several weeks in August 2021. This gives House and Senate leaders valuable time to complete their own work and then merge their own bills into final funding proposals (an inter-chamber process called a “conference”) for another round of approval votes, before the start of the new fiscal year on October 1.
If Congress cannot pass the final funding bills for fiscal 2022 by October 1, they risk triggering a politically and economically disastrous federal shutdown. Congress will likely get around the deadline, as it has done every year for more than a decade, switching short-term vehicles to keep current FY2021 levels in place later in 2021, likely in December. Congress will likely (finally!) Complete work on FY2022 fundraising bills by December 2021, just in time to begin reviewing FY2023.
Understanding the credit process and its actors helps government relations professionals better strategize and achieve your public policy goals.